HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS PERTAINING TO THE SOUTHERN CHEROKEE NATION

Below you will find historical documents pertaining to the Southern Cherokee.

The document below is the treaty of 1866 which references the “so called southern Cherokee”. This treaty was followed up with the Tompkins Roll of 1867 in order to identify those persons who were parties and successors in interest to this treaty.

TREATY WITH THE CHEROKEE, 1866

This document is a transcription of talks leading up to the Treaty of 1866 in which the representatives of the United States recognize “the southern Cherokees must be protected”.

TALKS LEADING UP TO TREATY OF 1866: [1] [2] [3]

Below you will find pages from the Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution 1883-1884 by J.W. Powell, issued by the government printing office in 1887. This document clearly shows that the Southern Cherokee were a band of the old Cherokee Nation and the Ross faction was also considered a band of the old Cherokee Nation. This document also makes clear the fact that the government recognized the need for protection of the Southern Cherokee from the Ross band.

Bureau of Ethnology: Page - [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

The following document is a transcription of the ceasefire signed by Stand Watie on June 23, 1865. This cease-hostilities agreement ended the Civil War as Stand Watie was the last of the Confederates to sign an agreement to stop fighting.

CEASEFIRE SIGNED BY STAND WATIE

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